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Common herbs

In addition to providing effective treatment for a wide range of health disorders, Chinese herbal medicine may also be used to assist with general health maintenance and disease prevention. By strengthening and enhancing normal body functions, the immune system is boosted and a general sense of well-being promoted. Below are some common conditions with which Chinese herbal medicine may assist.

A

Abrus cantoniensis, herb
Acanthopanax gracilistylus, root
Achyranthes bidentata, root
Actaea (formerly Cimicifuga) spp. incl dahurica, heracleifolia, foetida
Actaea heracleifolia, rhizome
Adenophora tetraphylla, root
Agastache rugosa, herb
Ailanthus altissima, root bark inner
Albizia julibrissin, flower
Albizia julibrissin, stem bark
Alisma orientale, rhizome
Alisma plantago aquatica, rhizome (water plantain)
Allium macrostemon, bulb
Aloe ferox, latex
Alpinia officinarum, rhizome
Alpinia oxyphylla, fruit
Amomum aromaticum, fruit
Amomum villosum, fruit
Andrographis paniculata, herb (green chiretta, kariyat)
Anemarrhena asphodeloides, rhizome
Anemone altaica, rhizome
Angelica dahurica, root
Angelica polymorpha, root
Angelica pubescens, root
Aquilaria sinensis, stem sapwood
Arctium lappa, fruit (great burdock fruit, beggar’s buttons)
Arctium lappa, seed
Areca catechu, husk
Areca catechu, seed husk
Arnebia euchroma, root
Artemisia annua, root
Artemisia argyi, leaf
Artemisia frigida, herb
Asparagus cochinchinensis, tuber
Aster tataricus, root
Astragalus complanatus, seed
Astragalus membranaceus, root
Atractylodes lancea, rhizome
Atractylodes macrocephala, rhizome

B

Bassia scoparia, fruit (Broom cypress)
Begonia fimbristipula, herb
Biota orientalis, branch terminal leafy
Biota orientalis, seed
Boehmeria nivea, root
Boswellia carterii, gum oleoresin
Boswellia carterii, sap resin
Bupleurum falcatum, root (Sickle-leaf hare's ear, Thoroughwax root)

C

Caesalpinia sappan, stem heartwood
Camellia sinensis, leaf young
Carthamus tinctorius, flower
Cephalanopsis segetum, herb
Chaenomeles speciosa, fruit (Chinese quince)
Chrysanthemum indicum, flower (wild chrysanthemum)
Chrysanthemum sinense, flower
Cinnamomum cassia, stem bark
Cinnamomum cassia, twig (Chinese cinnamon twig)
Citrus aurantium, fruit
Citrus maxima, fruit peel
Citrus medica, fruit
Citrus reticulata, fruit exocarp
Citrus reticulata, fruit peel
Citrus reticulata, fruit pericarp
Clematis armandii, stem
Clematis chinensis, root
Cnidium monnieri, seed
Codonopsis pilosula, root
Coix lachryma-jobi, seed (Job's tears)
Commiphora myrrha, gum oleoresin
Commiphora myrrha, sap resin
Coptis chinensis, rhizome
Coptis chinensis, rhizome
Cornus officinalis, fruit
Corydalis turtschaninovii
Corydalis turtschaninovii, rhizome
Corydalis turtschaninovii, root
Crataegus pinnatifida, fruit
Cullen corylifolium, seed
Curculigo orchioides, rhizome
Curcuma longa, rhizome
Curcuma longa, root
Curcuma longa, tuber
Curcuma zedoaria, rhizome
Cuscuta hygrophilae, seed
Cuscuta sinensis, seeds
Cyathula officinalis, root
Cynanchum stauntonii, rhizome
Cynanchum stauntonii, root
Cynanchum stauntonii, root & rhiz.
Cynomorium songaricum, herb
Cynomorium songaricum, stem
Cyperus rotundus, rhizome

D

Daemonorops draco, sap resin
Dianthus superbus, herb (dianthus, fringed pink)
Dictamnus desycarpus, root bark
Dictamnus desycarpus, stem bark (Chinese dittany root bark)
Dimocarpus longan, fruit flesh
Dioscorea oppositifolia, rhizome
Dioscorea oppositifolia, root
Dipsacus asper, root
Dolichos lablab, seed
Drynaria fortunei, rhizome
Dryopteris crassirhizoma, rhizome

E

Eclipta prostrata, herb
Ephedra sinica, herb
Epimedium brevicornu, herb
Epimedium sagittatum, herb
Epimedium sagittatum, root
Eriobotrya japonica, leaf
Eucommia ulmoides, stem bark
Euryale ferox, seed

F

Fallopia japonica, rhizome
Fallopia multiflora, root
Fallopia multiflora, stem
Foeniculum vulgare, fruit
Forsythia suspensa, fruit
FRITILLARIA CIRRHOSA (bulb)
Fritillaria thundbergii, bulb

G

Ganoderma lucidum, mushroom
Gardenia jasminoides, fruit (Cape jasmine)
Gastrodia elata, rhizome
Gentiana macrophylla, root
Gentiana scabra, root
Ginkgo biloba, leaf
Ginkgo biloba, seed
Gleditsia sinensis, spine
Glehnia littoralis, root
Glycine max, seed (prepared soybean)
Glycine max, seed skin
Glycyrrhiza uralensis, root

H

Hordeum vulgare
Hordeum vulgare, sprout
Houttuynia cordata, herb

I

Inula britannica, flower
Isatis tinctoria, leaf (woad leaf)
Isatis tinctoria, root (woad root)

J

Juglans regia, seed
Juncus effusus, medulla (rush pith)
Juncus effusus, stem pith

L

Ledebouriella seseloides, root
Leonurus sibiricus, herb
Ligusticum sinense, rhizome
Ligusticum sinense, root and rhiz. (Chinese lovage root)
Ligusticum wallichii, rhizome
Ligusticum wallichii, root
Ligustrum lucidum, fruit
Lilium brownii, bulb
Lindera strychnifolia, root
Linum usitatissimum, seed (flaxseed)
Lonicera japonica, flower (Japanese honeysuckle)
Lonicera japonica, stem (Honeysuckle vine)
Lophatherum gracile, herb
Loranthus parasiticus, herb
Loranthus parasiticus, stem
Loranthus parasiticus, twig leafy
Luffa cylindrical, fruit vascular tissue (Loofah)
Lycium barbarum, fruit
Lycium chinense, fruit
Lycopus lucidus, herb
Lygodium japonicum, spore
Lysimachia christinae, herb

M

Magnolia liliflora, flower
Magnolia liliflora, flower bud
Magnolia officinalis, stem bark
Mentha haplocalyx, herb (field mint)
Mentha haplocalyx, leaf
Morinda officinalis, root
Morus alba, fruit
Morus alba, leaf (white mulberry leaf)
Morus alba, root bark
Morus alba, twig
Myristica fragrans, seed

N

Nelumbo nucifera, leaf
Nelumbo nucifera, seed
Notopterygium incisium, rhizome
Notopterygium incisum, root and rhiz.

O

Ophiopogon japonicus, tuber
Oryza sativa, sprout
Oyster, shell

P

Paeonia lactiflora, root
Paeonia obovata, root
Paeonia suffruticosa, root bark (tree peony root bark)
Paeonia suffruticosa, stem bark
Paeonia veitchii, root
Panax ginseng, root
Panax notoginseng, root
Panax quinquefolius, root
Paris polyphylla, rhizome
Perilla frutescens, leaf (perilla leaf, shiso leaf)
Perilla frutescens, seed
Perilla frutescens, stem
Peucedanum praeruptorum, root
Phellodendron amurense /chinense, stem bark
Phragmites australis, rhizome (reed rhizome)
Phyllostachys nigra, leaf
Phyllostachys nigra, stem
Phyllostachys nigra, stem wood
Pinellia ternata, tuber
Plantago asiatica, herb
Plantago asiatica, seed
Plantago major, seed
Platycodon grandiflorus, root
Pogostemon cablin, herb
Pogostemon cablin, stem
Polygala sibirica, root
Polygonatum officinale, rhizome
Polygonatum sibiricum, rhizome
Polygonatum sibiricum, root
Polygonum aviculare, herb
Polyporus umbellatus, fruit. body
Poria cocos, hyphae (hoelen, tuckahoe, Indian bread)
Poterium sanguisorba, root
Prunella vulgaris, herb top flowering
Prunus armeniaca, seed
Prunus persica, seed
Pseudostellaria heterophylla, root
Pueraria lobata, root (kudzu root, Japanese arrowroot)

R

Raphanus sativus, seed
Rehmannia glutinosa, prepared root (Chinese foxglove)
Rehmannia glutinosa, root (Chinese foxglove root)
Rheum palmatum, rhizome
Rheum palmatum, root
Rheum palmatum, root and rhizome (rhubarb)
Rosa laevigata, fruit
Rosa rugosa, flower
Rubus chingii, fruit

S

Salvia miltiorrhiza, root
Salvia miltiorrhiza, root & rhiz.
Santalum album, stem heartwood
Saposhnikovia divaricata, root,(ledebouriella root, siler)
Saposhnikovia seseloides, root
Sargassum fusiforme, whole plant
Saussurea costus, root
Schisandra chinensis, fruit
Schizandra chinensis
Schizonepeta tenuifolia, herb top flowering
Scrophularia ningpoensis, root (ningpo figwort root)
Scutellaria baicalensis, root (Baikal skullcap)
Senna alexandrina, leaf
Senna tora, seed
Smilax glabra, rhizome (smooth greenbrier rhizome)
Sophora flavescens, root
Sparganium stoloniferum, rhizome
Sparganium stoloniferum, tuber
Spatholobus suberectus, stem
Stemona sessifolia, root
Stephania tetranda, root
Styphnolobium japonicum, flower
Styphnolobium japonicum, flower bud
Styphnolobium japonicum, fruit

T

Talc
Taraxacum mongolicum, herb (dandelion)
Tetradium ruticarpum, fruit
Tetrapanax papyrifera, pith (rice paper plant)
Tetrapanax papyrifera, stem
Tribulus terrestris, fruit
Trichosanthes kirilowii, fruit
Trichosanthes kirilowii, root
Trichosanthes kirilowii, seed
Triticum aestivum, fruit
Triticum aestivum, seed
Typha angustifolia, pollen

U

Uncaria gambir, branch
Uncaria rhynchophylla, stem

V

Viola yedoensis, herb (Yedeon’s violet)
Vitex trifolia, fruit

X

Xanthium sibiricum, fruit (cockleburr fruit)

Z

Zea mays
Zea mays, stigma
Zingiber officinale, rhizome (dried)
Zingiber officinale, rhizome (fresh)
Ziziphus jujuba var. spinosa, seed
Ziziphus jujuba, fruit